DHS/CIS clearly states that people may only apply for asylum if they are arriving in or already physically present in the United States. To apply for asylum in the United States, foreign nationals may ask for asylum at a port-of-entry (airport, seaport, or border crossing), or, if they are already in the United States, they may file Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal, at the appropriate Service Center. They may apply for asylum regardless of their immigration status, whether they are in the U.S. legally or illegally.
Per 2 FAM 220 on asylum cases, U.S. embassies and consulates may not/may not grant or in any way promise “asylum” to any foreign national:
Although foreign nationals may request “asylum,” posts should be aware that the term has specific meaning in U.S. immigration law. Persons may apply for asylum under U.S. law only if they are physically present in the United States or at a land border or port of entry and may be granted asylum only if they meet the definition of a refugee under U.S. law and are otherwise admissible. The United States does not recognize the granting of asylum at posts abroad. Requests for asylum by persons in the United States are handled by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the immigration courts of the Executive Office for Immigration Review within the Department of Justice. Refer questions relating to such procedures to the Department, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Office of Multilateral and Global Affairs (DRL/MLGA).
Posts may not in any way promise that an individual will be admitted to the United States as a refugee. A U.S. embassy may refer any individual who appears to meet the definition of a refugee to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program for consideration. Embassies may refer someone to ensure protection or provide a durable solution in compelling circumstances. Due to resource constraints and other foreign policy concerns, posts usually refer individuals only because of a significant humanitarian concern; a particular U.S. Government interest; or an especially close link to the United States. Acceptance of a referral by the program does not guarantee that an individual will be admitted to the United States as a refugee.
So when POTUS says “If they want to come into the country, you have to apply, like other people,” that’s what people are actually trying to do: presenting themselves at a U.S. border crossing because U.S. law requires that for people applying for asylum.
Today, eight days before an election, Americans saw a uniformed general stride onto their TV screens and announce that "Operation Faithful Patriot" would save the nation from a crisis which critics say was manufactured by a politician for electoral gain. Extraordinary. pic.twitter.com/MmVydQ7MUX
— James Cook (@BBCJamesCook) October 30, 2018
#BREAKING Up to 14,000 troops will be ready to deploy to the southern border. Troops will be armed with lethal ammunition. There’s an additional 7,000 troops on 24-hour stand-by per Pentagon documents obtained by @Newsweek #Caravan #military https://t.co/lBNXDKMFqV
— James LaPorta (@JimLaPorta) October 29, 2018
Pentagon sending 5,200 troops to secure border with Mexico as 3,500 migrants walk north https://t.co/J2rR1iH79o
— The Japan Times (@japantimes) October 30, 2018
#GME | US President Trump is sending more than 5,000 soldiers to the US border with Mexico, in response to what he calls an 'invasion' of migrants from central America. Joining @belledonati in studio is Euronews' @SandforAlasdair with more details.https://t.co/Rve1LorsqB pic.twitter.com/y4q1LKt2vF
— euronews (@euronews) October 30, 2018
Mexico's incoming foreign minister 'not surprised' by Trump's tweets on migrant caravan, points out US midterms just 2 weeks away. Says new government will 'substantially' change migration policies through investments, job opportunities for central American workers.
— CBC News Alerts (@CBCAlerts) October 22, 2018
Among the US military units to be sent to the border for Trump's election publicity stunt (to "stop" a "caravan" 1000miles away) are 3 engineer battalions.
— Peter W. Singer (@peterwsinger) October 30, 2018
'Operation Faithful Patriot' is officially underway. https://t.co/X9MySRWvxc
— Steve Herman (@W7VOA) October 29, 2018
"The additional troops would mean that the number of U.S. forces deployed at the border would be greater than those currently in Syria and Iraq, and roughly half of those deployed in Afghanistan."
They're calling it "Operation Faithful Patriot." https://t.co/mExmIPur5h
— Ryan Devereaux (@rdevro) October 29, 2018
AND NOW THIS: “NO ONE IS COMING TO GET YOU”
Shep Smith on the migrant caravan: "There is no invasion. No one is coming to get you. There is nothing at all to worry about." pic.twitter.com/4dLmPuZem0
— Jon Passantino (@passantino) October 29, 2018
MEANWHILE, ELSEWHERE IN THE WORLD OF LIGHT WHERE FEAR IS NOT A STRIKE ANYWHERE MATCH HEAD:
— Tristan McConnell (@t_mcconnell) October 29, 2018
There has been an influx of 1.3 million Syrians into Jordan since 2012, including 130,000 students. And yet, Jordanians remain sympathetic to their neighbors' plight. by @Taylor_Luck https://t.co/MwFHGJYLYi
— CS Monitor (@csmonitor) October 25, 2018
Since there are 5,200 troops on their way to protect a border for pure spectacle and political gamesmanship, this seems like an opportune time to drop this gem from @Justinkingnews pic.twitter.com/XmL91ISBAx
— Jemele Hill (@jemelehill) October 29, 2018