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On January 30, 2014, Secretary Kerry sworn-in Heather Higginbottom as Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources. Ms. Higginbottom is the third appointee to this position. She was preceded by Jack Lew , now Treasury Secretary and Tom Nides who is now back at Morgan Stanley.
Secretary Kerry Swears in Heather Higginbottom as Deputy Secretary of State
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry swears in Heather Higginbottom as the Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources, at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C., on January 30, 2014. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
Ssecretary Kerry made some remarks at her swearing-in ceremony (excerpt below):
Heather now is the first woman to hold the title of Deputy Secretary of State. (Applause.) That’s a statement in and of itself, as you have all just recognized, and it’s important. But I want you to know that no one ever said to me about this job, “I’m so glad you found a woman.” They have said to me, “I’m really glad you gave this job to Heather,” or “Heather is the right person for this job.” And we are here because – I know many of you have worked with Heather either in her role on Capitol Hill or over at OMB. Some of you worked on the campaign trail with her in 2004 and 2008, where she served in 2008 as President Obama’s Policy Director. Many of you worked with her in the White House where she was serving as the Deputy Director for the Domestic Policy Council and then Deputy Director of OMB.
Ms. Higginbottom gave her own remarks (excerpt):
For me, balancing our presence in Asia, to making peace in Syria, to rolling back Iran’s nuclear program, to embracing our friends in this hemisphere, to the many crises we cannot begin to predict, the people at the State Department and USAID will confront tremendous challenges and opportunities in 2014 and beyond. In this role, I’ll share in the global responsibility for U.S. foreign policy, but I’ll also seek to drive institutional reforms.
A top priority for my team will be working to ensure our posts and people are safe and secure. We need our diplomats fully engaged wherever our vital national interests are at stake, and that means we must constantly improve the way we protect our people and our posts. I’ll also work to ensure that we use taxpayer resources wisely and efficiently. As you all know, America’s investment in diplomacy and development is critical to our global leadership, to our national security, and to our nation’s prosperity. It’s one of the very best investments we can make for our country and it’s the right thing to do.
But we must do everything we can to increase the return on that investment. That’s why I’ll focus on management reform and innovation.
Excellent! There’s a small matter that folks might want to bring up to the new D/MR’s attention in terms of reform — a recent change on the Foreign Affairs Manual concerning State/OIG, updated just weeks after the nominee for OIG was announced:
1 FAM 053.2-2 Under Secretary for Management (M)
The Under Secretary for Management (M) is the Secretary’s designated top management official responsible for audit and inspection follow-up and the Secretary’s designee for impasse resolution when Department officials do not agree with OIG recommendations for corrective action. See 1 FAM 056. 1, Impasse paragraph.
Look at this nice org chart for the DOD IG:
It’s not like the State Department does not have a Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources, right? And because we can’t keep this straight in our head, we have to wonder out loud, how is this delegated authority going to work if the IG had to review “M” and half the building that reports to “M”? We asked, and we got an official response from State/OIG:
“Per the IG Act of 1978, as amended, and the FAM (1 FAM 052.1 Inspector General – (CT:ORG-312; 07-17-2013), the IG reports directly to the Secretary and Congress. IG Steve Linick has access to the Secretary and meets regularly with the Deputy Secretaries and other high officials, as needed.”
Okay, but the State Department is the only federal Cabinet-level agency with two co-equal Deputy Secretaries. And yet, “M”, the office with the most number of boxes in the org chart among the under secretaries is the Secretary of State’s designated top management official responsible for OIG audit and inspection?
Let’s see how this works.
In late January, State/OIG posted its Compliance Follow-up Audit of the Bureau of Oceans, International Environmental and Scientific Affairs’ Administration and Oversight of Funds Dedicated to Address Global Climate Change (AUD-ACF-14-16):
In 2012, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) performed an audit of OES’ administration and oversight of funds dedicated to address global climate change to be responsive to global developments and the priorities of the Department.
In March 2013, OIG closed eight of these recommendations (Nos. 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, and 15) after verifying evidence that OES had provided showing that final corrective actions had been completed. At that time, OIG considered the remaining 10 recommendations resolved, pending final action.
Following initial discussions with OES and A/OPE officials on the status of the open recommendations from AUD/CG-12-40, OIG expanded its original scope to include an assessment of the Department’s actions on all open recommendations from the report.
Consequently, OIG incorporated the intent of AUD/CG-12-40 Recommendation 18 into a new recommendation (No. 9) to the Under Secretary for Management (M) to assign authority and responsibility for the oversight, review, and approval of nonacquisition interagency agreements that will ensure compliance with applicable Federal regulations and Department policies governing them.
As of December 31, 2013, neither A/OPE nor M had responded to the IG’s draft report.
Well, okay there you go, and what happens then?
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According to history.state.gov, in 1957 the Department of State elevated the position of Chief of the Foreign Service Inspection Corps to that of Inspector General of the Foreign Service. Between 1957 and 1980, the Secretary of State designated incumbents, who held rank equivalent to an Assistant Secretary of State. The Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Oct 17, 1980; P.L. 96-465; 94 Stat. 2080) made the Inspector General a Presidential appointee, subject to the advice and consent of the Senate, and changed the title to “Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign Service.”The two most recent OIG for State are Clark Kent Ervin (2001-2003) and Howard J. Krongard (2005-2008). State did not have a Senate-confirmed OIG from 2009 to much of 2013.
We understand that during the Powell tenure at State, OIG reported to Secretary Powell through Deputy Secretary Armitage. We could not confirm this but it makes sense to us that the inspector general reports above the under secretary level. It demonstrates the importance the Secretary of State place on accountability — the IG reports directly to him through his Management and Resources deputy; the only D/MR in the whole wide world. What’s not to like about that?
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