@StateDept Updates Application of U.S. Citizenship Transmission in Assisted Reproductive Technology

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Via state.gov:

Recognizing the advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), the State Department is updating our interpretation and application of Section 301 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), which establishes the requirements for acquisition of U.S. citizenship at birth.

Children born abroad to parents, at least one of whom is a U.S. citizen and who are married to each other at the time of the birth, will be U.S. citizens from birth if they have a genetic or gestational tie to at least one of their parents and meet the INA’s other requirements. Previously, the Department’s interpretation and application of the INA required that children born abroad have a genetic or gestational relationship to a U.S. citizen parent.

This updated interpretation and application of the INA takes into account the realities of modern families and advances in ART from when the Act was enacted in 1952.

This change will allow increased numbers of married couples to transmit U.S. citizenship to their children born overseas, while continuing to follow the citizenship transmission requirements established in the INA. Requirements for children born to unmarried parents remain unchanged.

At the same time, we remain vigilant to the risks of citizenship fraud, exploitation, and abuse. As with all citizenship and immigration benefits we examine, the Department will implement this policy in a manner that addresses these concerns.

8 FAM 304.3 Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship at Birth – Assisted Reproductive Technology has been updated.

8 FAM 304.3-1  BIRTH ABROAD TO A U.S. CITIZEN GESTATIONAL MOTHER WHO IS ALSO THE LEGAL MOTHER AT THE TIME SHE GIVES BIRTH (Birth mother, but NOT genetic mother)
(CT:CITZ-33;   04-03-2020)

a. A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen gestational mother who is also the legal parent of the child at the time of birth in the location of birth, whose genetic parents are an anonymous egg donor and the U.S. citizen husband of the gestational legal mother, is considered for citizenship purposes to be a person born in wedlock of two U.S. citizens, with a citizenship claim adjudicated under the Immigration and nationality Act (INA) 301(c).

b. A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen gestational mother who is the legal parent of the child at the time of birth in the location of birth, whose genetic parents are an anonymous sperm donor and the U.S. citizen wife of the gestational legal mother, is considered for citizenship purposes to be a person born in wedlock of two U.S. citizens, with a citizenship claim adjudicated under INA 301(c).

c.  A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen gestational mother who is the legal parent of the child at the time of birth in the location of birth, whose genetic parents are an anonymous egg donor and the non-U.S. citizen husband of the gestational legal mother, is considered for citizenship purposes to be a person born in wedlock of a U.S. citizen mother and alien father, with a citizenship claim adjudicated under INA 301(g).

d. A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen gestational mother who is the legal parent of the child at the time of birth in the location of birth, and who is not married to the genetic mother or father of the child at the time of the child’s birth, is considered for citizenship purposes to be a person born out of wedlock of a U.S. citizen mother, with a citizenship claim adjudicated under INA 309(c).

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Photo of the Day: Secretary Blinken With US Consulate Nuuk Staff #Greenland

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Secretary Blinken Departs Greenland and Thanks U.S. Consulate Nuuk Personnel Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken departs from Kangerlussuaq, Greenland on May 20, 2021. Before departing, the Secretary took a photo with U.S. Department of State personnel from U.S. Consulate Nuuk. [State Department photo by Ron Przysucha/ Public Domain]

Secretary Blinken Departs Greenland and Thanks U.S. Consulate Nuuk Personnel
Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken departs from Kangerlussuaq, Greenland on May 20, 2021. Before departing, the Secretary took a photo with U.S. Department of State personnel from U.S. Consulate Nuuk. [State Department photo by Ron Przysucha/ Public Domain]

Secretary Blinken Visits Black Ridge in Greenland
Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken visits Black Ridge, in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland on May 20, 2021. [State Department photo by Ron Przysucha/ Public Domain]

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VPOTUS Kamala Harris Makes First Overseas Trip to Guatemala and Mexico

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GUATEMALA

See Fact Sheet: U.S. – Guatemala Cooperation, June 7, 2021

MEXICO