On February 19, 2013, the State Department issued a Worldwide Caution to update everyone on “the continuing threat of terrorist actions and violence against U.S. citizens and interests throughout the world.” The notice replaced the one issued on July 18, 2012 “to provide updated information on security threats and terrorist activities worldwide.”
Below is the relevant section from the Worldwide Caution, can you spot what’s missing? (the full notice is here):
MIDDLE EAST and NORTH AFRICA: Credible information indicates terrorist groups also seek to continue attacks against U.S. interests in the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. government remains highly concerned about possible attacks against U.S. citizens, facilities, businesses, and perceived U.S. and Western interests. Terrorist organizations continue to be active in Yemen, including al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). Security threat levels remain high in Yemen due to terrorist activities and civil unrest. In September 2012, a mob of Yemeni protestors attacked the U.S. Embassy compound. U.S. citizens have also been the targets of numerous terrorist attacks in Lebanon in the past (though none recently) and the threat of anti-Western terrorist activity continues to exist there. There are a number of extremist groups operating in Lebanon, including Hizballah, a group designated by the U.S. government as a terrorist organization. Iraq remains dangerous and unpredictable. U.S. military forces departed as of December 31, 2011, but the threat of attacks against U.S. citizens, including kidnapping and terrorist violence, continues. In Algeria, Al-Qaida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) is active and operates throughout the country. Terrorists sporadically attack westerners and Algerian targets, particularly in the Kabylie region, and near Algeria’s borders with Libya and Mali. In January, terrorists attacked a natural gas facility at In Amenas resulting in the deaths of dozens, including three U.S. citizens. Terrorists have also targeted oil processing plants in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Some elements in Iran remain hostile to the United States. U.S. citizens should remain cautious and be aware that there may be a more aggressive focus by the Iranian government on terrorist activity against U.S citizens. No part of Syria should be considered immune from violence, and the potential exists throughout the country for unpredictable and hostile acts, including kidnappings, sniper assaults, large and small-scale bombings, as well as arbitrary arrest, detention, and torture. The conflict in Syria has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths with many thousands wounded and over one million displaced persons.
In September 2012, civil unrest, large scale protests and demonstrations as well as violent attacks – some of which were in reaction to an anti-Islamic video and cartoons – targeted U.S. missions and schools overseas including in Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen. U.S. citizens are warned that demonstrations intended to be peaceful can escalate into violent clashes. U.S. citizens are also reminded that demonstrations and riots can occur with little or no warning. U.S. citizens are urged to avoid areas of demonstrations if possible and to exercise caution if within the vicinity of a demonstration.
Frankly, we kinda stop paying attention to these notices because we pretty much follow the news, and these do not offer anything more than what is already available out there. But we recently got a note from one of our readers urging us to look for Benghazi in the latest Worldwide Caution released. Um, nuthin’ there.
A from a distant post sends:
[T]here is not a single mention of Benghazi anywhere? The only reference is an oblique statement about generalized violence and attacks across North Africa in part related to the Mohammed videos. It does not mention Benghazi by name, nor the deaths of any USG personnel, nor explains the reasoning behind the attacks. That seems like a startlingly blind omission given the political catfighting going on over the attacks, their cause, the timeline, and subsequent ARB.
It makes you wonder what the caution is supposed to be for. Does it mean that it is safe for AMCITs to go to Benghazi? Or if it isn’t, how did this make it through the clearance process without someone saying “Uh, what about Libya? Maybe we should note that USG personnel were killed there less than 6 months ago?”
Maybe we should. This is not crowdsourcing or anything but wouldn’t that make sense? We understand that the CA Bureau cannot be expected to cite all security threats and terrorist activities in the last six months in its Worldwide Caution notice, but given that U.S. personnel actually died there …
Dear Consular Affairs Bureau, four U.S. citizens died in Benghazi, one more than In Amenas. Shouldn’t that merit a mention in your latest Worldwide Caution?
We were also looking over its Libya Country Specific Information updated last on February 8, 2013 and below is part of what it says under the THREATS TO SAFETY AND SECURITY section:
Recent worldwide terrorism alerts, including the Department of State’s Worldwide Caution, have stated that extremist groups continue to plan terrorist attacks against U.S. interests in the Middle East region. In June 2012, an unknown group of attackers detonated an improvised explosive device outside the compound of the U.S. embassy’s office in Benghazi. There have also been attacks on diplomatic vehicle convoys. Any U.S. citizen who decides to travel to Libya should maintain a strong security posture by being aware of surroundings, avoiding crowds and demonstrations, keeping a low profile, and varying times and routes for all required travel.
The Department of State advises U.S. citizens to exercise caution and comply with local regulations when traveling in desert and border regions of Libya. Terrorist attacks in Algeria, the June 2009 murder of a U.S. citizen teacher in Mauritania, kidnappings of Western tourists in desert regions of Tunisia and Egypt in 2011 and 2012, northern Niger in 2010, and Mali in January 2009, and the terrorist activity of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb in North Africa are indicative of a continued threat in the region.
Dear God! Has this job been outsourced to a robot with an outdated software? How else can you explain mentioning the IED attack on Benghazi in June 2012 but missed altogether mentioning the attack on September 2012.
Look it’s on Wikipedia!
The Diplomatic Security/RSO also prepared the Crime and Safety Report for Libya dated February 22, 2013 which includes three specific mention of Benghazi, but not the attack of the temporary U.S. mission there:
- The majority of the 16,000 criminals released during the revolution remain free. Carjacking, robberies, burglaries, and thefts continue. Unlike in Benghazi, acts of terrorism, targeted assassination campaigns, and violence specifically against Westerners have not been characteristic of the Tripoli landscape.
- Civil Unrest: Violent clashes between armed groups are possible, particularly at night. Clashes often include the use of heavy weapons. Public demonstrations occur frequently in the central squares of cities, such as Martyrs’ Square in Tripoli and Freedom Square in Benghazi.
- Areas to be Avoided: Because of ongoing instability and violence, the Department of State warns U.S. citizens of the risks of traveling to Libya and strongly advises against all but essential travel to Tripoli and all travel to Benghazi, Bani Walid, and southern Libya, including border areas and the regions of Sabha and Kufra. The Department’s ability to provide consular services to U.S. citizens is extremely limited.
We don’t know about you but this is kinda hinky. It’s as if the Benghazi attack did not even happen … have we forgotten that we took casualties there? Or has Benghazi been purposely scrubbed clean from these products? But why?
- U.S. investigation of Benghazi attacks ‘going painfully slowly’ (latimes.com)
- US Embassy Algiers: Hostages Taken at In Amenas Gas Complex in Algeria (diplopundit.net)
- CIA, FBI slow to nab Benghazi terrorists (triblive.com)
- State Department Updates Worldwide Caution for U.S. Travelers (defense.gov)
- U.S. ambassador to Libya, 3 others killed in rocket attack, witness says (news.blogs.cnn.com)
- France joins Benghazi Western exodus, Libya says not informed (dailystar.com.lb)
Because nowhere in the world places an exclamation mark on the results of American interventionism more than Benghazi.
Not even the scions of the Mujaheddin (who fought the Soviets and later turned on the Great Satan) can as clearly bring into focus that military actions, like elections, have consequences. Benghazi is an inconvenient truth, and frankly I understand the thrust of your post, but surely you have to know why a cabinet level department would be de-emphasizing Benghazi. There’s a reason why politicians zeroed in on AMB Rice and her Sunday morning talking points, because left to its own devices, our government would STILL be blaming a video for the attack, instead of Al Qaeda affiliated terrorists who were armed and empowered by us.
Diplopundit: The above is a little more confirmation of what our foreign policy has been the past 4 years. The policy is to protect the President from any politically adverse initiatives so he can concentrate on domestic concerns. Everything has to be approved by these political guys in the WH. (Who are, of course, geniuses because look who won the election! Kerry is the perfect Sec. State because he’s experienced, knowledgeable, well known, diplomatic and has a handsome but crooked visage. (Did I mention that the citizenry don’t care about foreign policy…it’s too complicated. Even Dennis Rodman has trouble answering probing questions!)
State’s country warnings are very generic and dry. They rarely give much more context than could be gleaned from watching the news or reading on wikipedia. On the other hand, I recommend using the UK FCO to get a good overview of security threats and other issues effecting travelers, for example, here’s Libya’s page: http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/middle-east-north-africa/libya. As you can tell it has far more detail and context than the US overview. Furthermore, the FCO will sent travel updates via email using its LOCATE service that contain much more specific intelligence reporting that State ever sends, for example, a while back someone I knew was biking through Afghanistan and received daily updates like this:
BALKH, MAZAR-E SHARIF City: 22 Sep 12. The Counter-Terrorism Department reported that senior local INS, with cooperation from elements of the Islamic Party are planning to target US officials in MAZAR-E
SHARIF City. The INS in BAGHLAN Province have reportedly prepared one VBIED based on a Toyota Land Cruiser. The INS intent is to transport the VBIED from BAGHLAN to MAZAR-E SHARIF City in the near
(INS = Insurgents, VBIED = Vehicle Born Improvised Explosive Device)