Cameron Munter, new US Ambassador to Pakistan arrives in Islamabad

Cameron Munter, the newly appointed Ambassador of the United States to Pakistan, presented his credentials to Asif Ali Zardari at the Aiwan-e-Sadr in Islamabad today, October 27.

Photo from US Embassy Islamabad

From the embassy press shop:  

Speaking at the ceremony, Ambassador Munter told the President, “I am looking forward to working with the democratically elected Government and with people around the country to strengthen our deep, long-term relationship based on honesty and mutual respect.” The Ambassador expressed U.S. appreciation for Pakistan’s sacrifices in its ongoing fight against extremism and terrorism. He also assured the President of America’s continued support for Pakistan’s economic development, and for regional stability.

Ambassador Munter was joined at the ceremony by his wife, Ms. Marilyn Wyatt, and accompanied by Deputy Chief of Mission Stephen Engelken, Civilian Assistance Coordinator Ambassador Robin Raphel, Defense Attaché Colonel Joseph Abbott, and his personal staff.

Active links added above. Ambassador Munter and his wife, Marilyn Wyatt, arrived in Pakistan on Tuesday, October 26, and he spoke at the embassy: 

He also spoke with VOA here about rebuilding trust. 

On a related note, Ambassador Munter’s immediate predecessor, Ambassador Anne Patterson was presented by HRC with the Secretary’s Distinguished Service Award,” at the Department of State on October 25.  The event was closed to the press and no photo of the ceremony has surfaced as of yet. 


Civilian Surge in Afghanistan: Authorized and Filled Positions

We are unable to republish or embed the SIGAR report on the civilian surge in Afghanistan here but we are  still able to snag parts of it for posting. See below a table of the positions authorized and filled by location and agency. The civilian surge has been split into two phases, the first one ending in December 2009 and Phase II from January 2010 to December 2011.
According to the SIGAR report, a reported 418 personnel have deployed to Afghanistan, including 227 personnel in the field as of September 9, 2010. Approximately 1500 civilians are expected to be deployed in country by January 2012.

State, USAID, and USDA contribute the greatest number of civilians to the uplift, accounting for almost
91 percent of the total number of uplift positions identified. Personnel from these 3 agencies have filled 375 positions, or 90 percent, of the total 418 positions filled as of September 9, 2010.  No surprise there.

HHS and DOC have 100% filled positions since both agencies only have one authorized/filled position.  DHS also has a 100% filled for 11 authorized and filled positions. 


(Table extracted from SIGAR report
Click here for larger view)

We have previously  questioned the sustainability of staffing the FS given the troops drawdown in Iraq, the civilian surge in Afghanistan and the persistent staffing gaps in the Foreign Service. Below is what the report says about sustainability:

“One goal of the Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional Stabilization Strategy is to sustain increased civilian staffing levels in Afghanistan beyond July 2011. Nevertheless, concern has been expressed that the civilian presence in the field may not be sustainable at planned levels. This is particularly true for USAID, which is drawing personnel from a decreasing pool of qualified applicants, many of whom are recruited externally. Furthermore, USAID is already facing difficulties recruiting career personnel for assignments in Afghanistan as many have already completed tours in the country. A July 2010 Embassy cable expressed similar concerns about State’s limited pool of Foreign Service Officers, noting that approximately 20 percent of the Foreign Service Officers posted overseas are already serving in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Pakistan. In addition, the cable noted concerns with USDA’s reliance on its domestic workforce to fill its positions.

The SIGAR report is available here.



SIGAR recommends US Ambassador in Kabul do something about dat civilian surge …

Robert Gates and Karl Eikenberry, Bagram.Image via WikipediaAnother one of those light-touch reports from our friendly SIGAR office.

SIGAR has just released its 36-page audit on the civilian surge in Afghanistan — U.S. Civilian Uplift in Afghanistan is Progressing but Some Key Issues Merit Further Examination as Implementation Continues (SIGAR-Audit-11-2 | October 26, 2010 | 36 pages).  We were was going to republish the document here for easy reading but the report is in a restrictive PDF format that made it, at least for now, unpublishable in ScribD. Below is an excerpt from the press statement: 

The SIGAR audit shows the “civilian surge” is being implemented in two phases and will take U.S. government civilian capacity from 320 civilians in January 2009 to approximately 1500 civilian employees by January 2012. Additionally, the audit finds that U.S. agencies have deployed nearly 67% of the civilian personnel for this “surge”.

While auditors found that housing and operational needs have generally been met across the field locations, there are issues in civil-military integration and coordination. Civilian and military officials report that there are challenges in developing the integrated working relationship, stemming from differences in organizational cultures and perspectives.

Additionally, civilians have told SIGAR auditors there is a lack of clarity from their agencies on various aspects of their work in the field, including position roles and responsibilities; reporting and supervisory relationships within the field structure; and the role of the Office of Interagency Provincial Affairs as it applies to work at the field locations.

Civilians involved in the “surge” report receiving limited information on their roles and responsibilities before arriving at their assigned locations. They also cited lack of information on national development programs that are being implemented in their areas of operation. SIGAR auditors report when civilians cannot provide quick responses to their military counterparts, they are viewed as being ineffective, which can strain efforts at civilian-military integration. This lack of information is also deemed to compromise effectiveness on program oversight, according to the report.
The SIGAR report provides two recommendations to ensure that the interagency review of the civilian uplift is comprehensive. In particular, SIGAR recommended that the U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan develop a mechanism for collecting, analyzing, and applying lessons learned and best practices, to include the design and implementation of a series of comprehensive field surveys.

Read the whole report here.

First, we have to say that putting restrictions on a USG government is not unheard of, but disabling the copy and paste function is not nice SIGAR people! Even the GAO doesn’t do that to their reports, and they have been around longer than you guys. Not only that, SIGAR has also “encrypted” all contents of the document so search engines will not have access to this document’s metadata.  We should be grateful that we can at least print and read this “public” document, huh?  

Second, read the report’s recommendation closely. Is it just us or does it come across like whoever wrote this report seem quite detached from the reality of a 24/7 operation of a US mission in a warzone? Where are these folks coming from?  Must the “U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan develop a mechanism for collecting, analyzing, and applying lessons learned and best practices, to include the design and implementation of a series of comprehensive field surveys?” Holy mountain goat — field surveys??? We fell off our chair when we read those recommendations.  We quite understand the need for lessons learned and best practices, field surveys and all that — really — but dude, do you have to give that job to that poor man in Kabul who already has to deal with looniness in Afghanistan and Wash DC, work even on his one off day of the week, tele/video conference during ungodly hours, and play guide to war tourists and VIPs, in addition to running the US mission?
Wouldn’t it make more sense to have the data collected at the conclusion of the Afghanistan assignment back at the big house during an outbrief — either at S/CRS, or at the Af/Pak “bureau” or whichever alphabet soup is responsible for the inbrief of all employees heading to Afghanistan?  The office responsible for the inbrief of all civilians hearing over there could also be responsible for the outbrief of civilians coming home, regardless of their home agency, and the responsible office then ought to get face time with FSI and other training arms to improve the deployment preparation of civilians.  
Also, just wondering — where’s the recommendation on how to address the challenges in “civil-military integration and coordination?”  How many of the nearly 67% deployed civilian did SIGAR talked to? For instance, there are 35 DSTs in the country, and SIGAR talked to 4 during their June/July field visits.

It’s a good thing this report is free; we would have asked for our money back had we paid for it.

Um wait — we did pay for this; that’s our tax dollars at work! Aaaaahhhhrggggg!