Insider Quote: Quiet, De Facto Military Takeover

While serving the State Department in several senior capacities over the past four years, I witnessed firsthand the quiet, de facto military takeover of much of the U.S. government. The first assault on civilian government occurred in faraway places — Iraq and Afghanistan — and was, in theory, justified by the exigencies of war.

Thomas A. Schweich
The Pentagon is muscling in everywhere.
It’s time to stop the mission creep”

WaPo │Sunday, December 21, 2008; Page B01

Thomas A. Schweich served the Bush administration as ambassador for counter-narcotics in Afghanistan and deputy assistant secretary of state for international law enforcement affairs.


Season’s Greetings

Season’s Greetings to Diplopundit’s readers in the United States and across many interesting places around the world. Have a Merry Christmas, an exuberant Kurban Bayram, a joyous Kawanzaa, a festive Hannukah and a warm night by the fire with all your loved ones and friends!

And I’d like to send extra warm thanks to Diplopundit’s blogging friends and referrers who helped us through our start-up year: Digger at Life After Jerusalem, Jerry at Avuncular American, Consul-at-Arms, TSB at the Skeptical Bureaucrat, Jill at The Perlman Update, and Brian at Foreign Service Husband.

A Foreign Service Christmas Story

Photo by Tomasz Sienicki licensed under cca 2.5

James Wagner, staff member of The Times editorial pages, former FS kid and son of U.S. diplomat Jim Wagner, pens in the LAT, The Best Present Ever, on how his father’s return after being held hostage in Peru made Christmas for him when he was 10 years old:

The greatest Christmas present I have ever received came two days early and with a rough beard. It was my father, weary and unshaven, after five days as a hostage.

He and my mother left our home in Lima, Peru, on Dec. 17, 1996, to attend a party at the Japanese Embassy in honor of the Japanese emperor’s birthday. My mother returned later that night.

My father didn’t.

A lanky and reserved man, my father grew up in Ohio but left to see the world and serve his country in the U.S. Foreign Service. In 1996, he was a political counselor at the U.S. Embassy in Peru.


My parents weren’t strangers to violence. My mother grew up in Nicaragua as the country was torn apart by civil war. My father was shot in the leg and left for dead at a shopping center one night in Venezuela after three thieves stole our family car. My parents knew how to react on hearing explosions. Inside the mansion, they took cover near an interior wall.

Continue reading the story here.

Officially In: Steinberg and Lew, the New "D"

The WSJ posted on December 23, 2008, 4:05 pm the announcement of key members of Obama’s national security team, including James B. Steinberg for Deputy Secretary of State, and Jacob Lew for Deputy Secretary of State, and the appointment of Thomas E. Donilon as Deputy National Security Advisor and Antony “Tony” Blinken as National Security Advisor to the Vice President.

WaPo has more on this:

“Obama’s Secretary of State designate Hillary Rodham Clinton will have two deputies, according to an announcement from the transition office. One, former Clinton administration official James B. Steinberg, will focus on policy, while the other, former Office of Management and Budget director Jacob Lew, will focus on budget and resources.

Lew’s appointment to what is essentially a new position at State — usually there is only one deputy — is a possible sign of Clinton’s interest in expanding resources for the department. While many past secretaries have voiced interest in growing the size and influence of the department, some of Clinton’s informal advisers say she is deeply interested in revitalizing the role of diplomacy in national security policy — and needs more resources to do so.”

Brief bios from the announcements made late yesterday:

James B. Steinberg, Deputy Secretary of State

James B. Steinberg became dean of the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs on January 1, 2006. Before joining the School, he was the vice president and director of Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. (2001-2005), where he supervised a wide-ranging research program on U.S. foreign policy. From December 1996 to August 2000, he served as deputy national security advisor to President Bill Clinton. During that period he also served as the president’s personal representative (”Sherpa”) to the 1998 and 1999 G-8 summits. Prior to becoming deputy national security advisor, he served as chief of staff of the U.S. State Department and director of the State Department’s policy planning staff (1994-1996), and as deputy assistant secretary for analysis in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (1993-1994). Steinberg is a member of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists’ Science and Security Board, the President’s Council on International Activities of Yale University, the board of directors of the Pacific Council on International Policy, the senior advisory council of The American Assembly’s Next Generation Project, the board of advisors of the Center for a New American Security, the board of advisors of The Yale Journal of International Law, and the editorial board of The Washington Quarterly. He also is a member of the D.C. Bar. Steinberg is the author of and contributor to many books and articles on foreign policy and national security topics, including Difficult Transitions: Foreign Policy Troubles at the Outset of Power, Protecting the Homeland 2006/2007 and An Ever Closer Union: European Integration and Its Implications for the Future of U.S.-European Relations. Steinberg received his B.A. from Harvard in 1973 and J.D. from Yale Law School in 1978. Steinberg is married to Ms. Sherburne B. Abbott, director of the Center for Science and Practice of Sustainability at the University of Texas at Austin. They have two daughters, Jenna and Emma.

Jacob Lew, Deputy Secretary of State

Jacob J. “Jack” Lew is a Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer of Citi Alternative Investments, where he is responsible for operations, technology, human resources, legal, finance and regional coordination. Previously, Mr. Lew was Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of New York University, where he was responsible for budget, finance, and operations (including capital projects and human resources). Prior to joining NYU, Mr. Lew served in President Clinton’s cabinet as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and led the Administration budget team, from the preparation of the President’s budget through final negotiations with Congress. He was also a member of the National Security Council. From 1979 to 1987, he was a Senior Policy Advisor to House Speaker Thomas P. O’Neill, Jr. Mr. Lew serves on the Corporation for National and Community Service Board and chairs its Management, Administration, and Governance Committee. He co-chairs the Advisory Board for City Year New York and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Brookings Institution Hamilton Project Advisory Board, and the National Academy of Social Insurance. He is a member of the bar in Massachusetts and the District of Columbia.

Read more on the other nominees here.

Update: 1/22/2009:
Nominations: Secretary Clinton’s Deputies

White Powder for Christmas? No, Thanks!

The envelopes containing white powder started arriving at U.S. embassies on December 15, 2008. As of today, 19 embassies have reportedly received envelopes with the white powder: Berlin, Bern, Brussels, Bucharest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Luxembourg, Madrid, Oslo, Paris, Prague, Reykjavik, Riga, Rome, Stockholm, Tallinn, The Hague, Tokyo and yesterday, Nicosia. All European posts except one (Tokyo); all EU-member states except two (Bern, Switzerland and Reykjavik, Iceland). Looks like somebody has a nasty Christmas humor; somebody who deserves all 22 criminal statutes gift-wrapped and delivered, preferably with a substantial fine and 20 years in jail.

Is there any rhyme or reason why these posts were selected? One of the journalists during the daily press brief asked if perhaps somebody just went through the alphabetic list of our European posts. You can see the list here, it’s not — or he/she/they/it would have started with Ankara (by capital), or Adana (by post) or Albania (by country). All but three of the recipients were countries in the European Union. If the EU countries were specifically targeted, it does not explain the inclusion of two non-EU states (unless the perpetrator/s were too lazy to look up the composition of the EU) and it also makes me wonder if 12 more letters are in the postal pipelines (12 missions in EU countries have not reported receipt of similar letters).

It makes one curious what kind of choo-choo train runs inside the brain of somebody like this? Is there a serial fiancée visa petitioner out there who was refused visas for his/her multiple girlfriends/boyfriends from EU countries and now felt wronged? But also felt wronged by 40 state governors? That seems so over the top…. couldn’t you just pick up and throw a shoe at somebody instead? I have to admit, that would be a lot of shoes …

One December 19, the FBI released the following statement:

Since Monday, December 8, letters containing a note and suspicious white powder have been received by the offices of more than 40 governors across the country. Additional letters have been received at several U.S. Embassies overseas, said Robert E. Casey, Jr., Special Agent in Charge, Dallas FBI.

The white powder in each of these letters has been field screened and the tests have met with negative results. The powder has been forwarded to local laboratories and testing to date has been negative for biological agents. The FBI has contacted the governors’ offices and the State Department to be on the lookout for additional letters.

Today, Mr. Casey announced the release of additional information regarding these mailings, to solicit the public’s help to identify the person or persons responsible for these crimes. Photographs of envelopes sent to governors’ offices are below. Although the photographs are of the envelopes sent to the governors of North Carolina and Connecticut, they are similar in content to all letters sent to the governors’ offices and embassies overseas.

envelope photos from

These envelopes have the following characteristics:

#1. The postmarks reflect mailing on December 4, December 8, or December 11, 2008.

#2.The postmark is either “Dallas, Texas” or “North Texas”. The “North Texas” postmark reflects the envelope was processed through the mail facility in Coppell, Texas, a suburb of Dallas.

#3.The return addresses used have been one of four addresses for FBI offices in Dallas, San Antonio, Houston, and El Paso, Texas. Names have been redacted from these addresses; the FBI is not disclosing the names at this time.

#4.There is a note within the envelope. The content of that note has been the same in each mailing. Although the content of the note is not being disclosed at this time, the meaning of the message is not clear.

Although the substance contained in the mailings is not harmful, the threatening mailings not only constitute a federal crime, but cause alarm to victims and victim institutions and expend costly resources of police, fire, and other emergency responders and state, local, and federal laboratories.

The FBI and United States Postal Inspection Service intend to vigorously investigate these crimes and arrest the person or persons responsible.

The Postal Inspection Service is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person or persons responsible for these mailings.

Anyone with information on who may be sending these letters is requested to contact the FBI at 1-800-CALL FBI (1-800-225-5324), the Postal Inspection Service at 877-876-2455, or local law enforcement. If you receive a letter, please notify the FBI and your local authorities. Information on how to handle a suspicious package can be found on

Update 12/25: Our Embassy in South Korea also received white powder in the mail according to AP a couple of hours ago. That makes 20 posts now, with two in Asia.

Update: 12/26: Our U.S. Embassy in Madrid was in the news for receipt of white powder in the mail; and today, the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan for receipt of a similar item on the 23rd.
Current count of the white powdered mail received at US missions according to news reports:
Asia – 2
Europe – 19
SCA – 1

Related Item:

Hazardous Materials Training from the U.S. Fire Administration
4.4 MB PDF Download Page

Quickie: Out with the Old and in with the New

The NYT is reporting today that HRC is recruiting Jacob J. Lew, the budget director under President Bill Clinton, as one of two deputies, according to people close to the Obama transition team (Clinton Moves to Widen Role of State Dept.). Mr. Lew’s focus, they said, will be on increasing the share of financing that goes to the diplomatic corps. He and James B. Steinberg, a deputy national security adviser in the Clinton administration, are to be Mrs. Clinton’s chief lieutenants.

[…]”The recruitment of Mr. Lew — for a position that was not filled in the Bush administration — suggests that Mrs. Clinton is determined to win a larger share of financial resources for the department. A well-connected figure who was once an aide to Speaker Thomas P. O’Neill, Mr. Lew now works for Citigroup in a unit that oversees hedge funds. “If we’re going to re-establish diplomacy as the critical tool in America’s arsenal,” a senior transition official said, “you need someone who can work both the budget and management side. He has very strong relations on the Hill; he knows the inner workings of how to manage a big enterprise.”

Very promising. Sounds good to you? Read more on Jacob Lew and NYT’s brief bio here; also James Steinberg.

Update: Steve Clemons just posted in the Note that James Steinberg got “the white smoke signal that he gets the Deputy slot.

How Could You, Zain Verjee?

As part of the legacy interview series which started in early December with Fox News, the Secretary sat down with Zain Verjee of CNN on December 17 in Washington, D.C. Below is part of that interview. You can read the entire text here.

QUESTION: The worst breach of national security in the history of the United States came under your watch.


QUESTION: Did you ever consider resigning?

SECRETARY RICE: I believe that this was – this was —

QUESTION: Taking responsibility?

SECRETARY RICE: I do take responsibility. But this was a systemic failure. The United States of America had experienced terrorist attacks in 1993, in 1998 in our embassies abroad, in 2000 against the Cole, and then finally in September of 2001. But the fact of the matter is that we had not thought of this. We, the administrations before us, had not thought of this as the kind of war against the terrorists that we were going to have to wage.

And by the way, some of the things that people have been most critical of have given us, really, the capacity to respond. The ability to surveil terrorists through the Terrorist Surveillance Act so that there isn’t a gap between what terrorists are saying when they are abroad and what terrorists are saying when they’re in the United States. These are tools that simply didn’t exist prior to September 11th.


QUESTION: Do you regret your role in the Iraq war?

SECRETARY RICE: I absolutely am so proud that we liberated Iraq.


SECRETARY RICE: Absolutely. And I’m especially, as a political scientist, not as Secretary of State, not as National Security Advisor, but as somebody who knows that structurally it matters that a geostrategically important country like Iraq is not Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, that this different Iraq under democratic leadership —

QUESTION: But it still (inaudible) into total chaos and (inaudible).

SECRETARY RICE: No, under a democratic – well, but look, we are at a place now where because of difficult decisions that the President took we have an Iraq that is well on its way to being a multiethnic, multiconfessional democracy —

QUESTION: Many Iraqis don’t agree with you.

SECRETARY RICE: — that is stable. Well, you only have to look at the case. You only have to look at the declining violence. Fragile, yes, but declining.


SECRETARY RICE: And you have to ask yourself, would you really rather have a Middle East, which you know has to be different than it’s been for these many years, would you really rather have an Iraq with Saddam Hussein at its center? That’s the other choice, and I don’t think that’s a good choice for the world.

QUESTION: What needs to happen for the world to say that the Iraq invasion was justified, positive, and right?

SECRETARY RICE: Well, it will take some time for the effect of a change in Iraq to an implacable – from an implacable foe to a friend of the United States to show its effects. But when I see the Egyptian Foreign Minister go to Iraq for the first time in 30 years, when I see that the Iraqis stood up to Iran, despite all of Iran’s efforts –

QUESTION: And the Iraqis are showing through throwing shoes at the President?

SECRETARY RICE: Well, an Iraqi is throwing a shoe at the President. Let’s remember again, Zain, if there was anything that was unfortunate about that incident, it was that it was what got reported. Because as a serious scholar of international politics, do I really think that 30 years from now or 20 years from now or 10 years from now, that will be – a shoe being thrown at the President is somehow going to be what was important about Iraq? Of course not. And that’s why when people report on today’s headlines instead of on history’s judgment, they make a mistake.

QUESTION: On a personal note —


QUESTION: What about you? What have people got wrong about you?

SECRETARY RICE: Oh, I don’t know and I really don’t care.

Doggone Canadian asking these questions! After all the time you spent together traveling to Libya and elsewhere, you had the balls to ask these questions? Son of a motherless goat! But looks like Zain got a hug after the interview and an invite to “come to California.”