The AFSA Committee on Elections recently announced its approval of the following candidates for positions on the ballot for the AFSA Governing Board for the 2015-2017 term. It looks like the current president, Robert Silverman is not running for reelection but the current State VP Matthew Asada is running for the top spot. Mr. AFSA, Tex Harris, a tireless advocate for the professional interests of FSOs who previously served as AFSA president and established the “Tex Harris Award” for creative dissent by a Foreign Service specialist is also running for the top spot. The third candidate is Ambassador Barbara Stephenson, former ambassador to Panama, and current Dean of the Leadership and Management School of the Foreign Service Institute.
There are two candidates for the State VP position. Bill Haugh and former Ambassador Charles Ford are running unopposed for Secretary and Treasurer respectively. Former Ambassadors Tom Boyatt and Charles Ray, and current GB member Larry Cohen are running for the Retiree VP position. Three of the four candidates running as retiree representatives (4 slots) are also former ambassadors. There are a few more familiar names among the candidates, we hope to have a follow-up post when their statements are available next month.
All regular voting members of AFSA will receive, by email or mail, a ballot and the special election edition of AFSA News on or about April 15, 2015. AFSA is pleased to offer those members for whom we have a valid email address the opportunity to vote online. Completed ballots must be received by 8:00 a.m. June 4, 2015 in order to be counted. The new AFSA Governing Board will take office on July 15, 2015.
Matthew K. Asada(** Future Forward AFSA slate)
Tex Harris Barbara Stephenson (*Strong Diplomacy slate)
Bill Haugh *
Charles A. Ford *
State VP (1)
Angie Bryan *
USAID VP (1)
FCS VP (1)
Retiree VP (1)
Larry Cohen Charles A. Ray **
State Representative (11)
Brynn C. Bennett ** Lawrence Casselle *
Ronnie S. Catipon John Dinkelman * Eric Geelan * Josh Glazeroff * Margaret Hawthorne *
Steven M. Jones Pat Kabra ** Philip G. Laidlaw * Neeru Lal ** Ronita Macklin ** Steve McCain ** Homeyra Mokhtarzada **
Doug Morrow Peter Neisuler * Erin O’Connor * Leah M. Pease * Dan Spokojny ** Sam Thielman * Tricia Wingerter * Joel Wisner **
USAID Representative (2)
FCS Representative (1)
Retiree Representative (4)
Patricia Butenis * Dean Haas * Alphonse F. La Porta *
* Member of the Strong Diplomacy slate ** Member of the Future Forward AFSA slate
Election details via afsa.org:
AFSA members are encouraged to visit the AFSA website to participate in an online discussion forum with candidates. The discussion forum is named the “AFSA Community.” Candidates and/or members may post questions or comments to this forum and respond to members’ questions at http://community.afsa.org/. All members must log in to participate and have personal email addresses stored on their profile. (Note: government email addresses will not be accepted on the AFSA Community site.)
Additionally, Town Hall meetings have been set up as follows:
USAID: 12:00 p.m. Wednesday, March 25th, in the LPA/IC Conference Room M-17, located on the Mezzanine Level of the Ronald Reagan Building.
FSI (active duty only): 12:00 p.m. Monday, March 30th, in the Kennan conference room at the National Foreign Affairs Training Center, (FSI) 4000 Arlington Boulevard (also known as Route 50), Arlington, Virginia 22204.
State: 12:00 p.m. Tuesday, April 7th, in the Loy Henderson Auditorium at Main State.
Retirees: 12:00 p.m. Wednesday, April 8th, in the first floor conference room at the AFSA HQ building, 2101 E Street, NW, Washington DC 20037.
These events will be taped and available on the AFSA YouTube channel. The candidates’ statements will also be posted on the AFSA website on April 1, 2015. Go to http://www.afsa.org/afsa_elections.aspx to view.
If you have not already done so, please ensure AFSA has your current address on record. To update your address information, send an email to email@example.com.
If you do not receive your ballot by May 6, 2015, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org and provide your full name, work location, current address, and telephone number.
Hillary Clinton caused controversy after reports revealed she used a private e-mail account during her time as secretary of state. Late-night hosts Jon Stewart, Seth Meyers and Jimmy Fallon couldn’t resist a few jokes at her expense.
Saturday was going swell and all until I saw the news out of Venezuela. Apparently, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is not handling the TP for oil offer from Trinidad and Tobago very well. The Caracas Chronicles calls it Revolutionary TPlomacy or quite simply “toilet paper diplomacy.” It’s not just toilet paper, of course, but …
“The concept of commodity sharing is simple -– the Government of Trinidad and Tobago will purchase goods identified by the Government of Venezuela from T&T’s manufacturers, such as tissue paper, gasoline, and parts for machinery,” Persad-Bissessar said.
Bloomberg Business reported that due to the plunging oil prices, “Venezuela’s economy will contract 7 percent this year, according to the International Monetary Fund, while inflation, which accelerated to 69 percent in December, is already the fastest in the world.”
The NYT also reported that four American missionaries were detained on Wednesday in Ocumare de la Costa, a small coastal town west of Caracas. The missionaries from the Evangelical Free Church in Devil’s Lake in North Dakota were reportedly providing medical aid to the coastal town’s residents and support to a local church. I don’t know about you but this is not hopeful news for American tourists or for approximately 36,000 Americans living in Venezuela.
Because what do you do when queues for food are getting longer? Hold a major rally “for sovereignty and against U.S. interventionism,” claro que sí! TeleSUR reported that during the rally, Maduro announced that he would “reduce the number of U.S. diplomats working in Venezuela.” The report includes the following actions directed against the United States:
Maduro to cheering crowd: “I have ordered the foreign minister, Delcy Rodriguez, to immediately, in compliance with article 11 of the Vienna Convention, to reduce and minimize the number of U.S. embassy officials in Venezuela. They have over 100 officials, while in the U.S. we have no more than 17.”
Rodriguez stated that current United States diplomats in Venezuela will have to re-apply for their visas.
The U.S. embassy will be required to inform his government of meetings that it has with different sectors of Venezuelan society.
United States citizens will have to pay the same price – in dollars – “for obtaining a visa to travel to Venezuela as the U.S. currently charges Venezuelans to travel to the U.S.” (see the Visa Reciprocity Schedule note that fees are for visa processing and not for visa issuance).
Lists Americans who will not be allowed to travel to Venezuela “because of their involvement in human rights violations.” For starters, the list includes George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, George Tenet, Robert Menendez, Marco Rubio, Ileana Ross-Lethinen, and Mario Díaz Balart.
It’s worth noting that the U.S. Embassy in Caracas is one of the top 10 nonimmigrant processing posts in the world. In FY2013, the embassy issued 204,758 visitor’s visas and 6,184 student visas (pdf). The wait time to get an appointment for a visitor’s visa in Caracas is currently 59 days. Although the reported reduction of the US Embassy Caracas staff has not been confirmed by the State Department, it is highly likely that if it proceeds, the US Embassy Caracas will soon return to the 2011 wait time for appointments for visitors visas which hovered at 264 days. Or depending on how many consular officers will be left at post after this reduction of staff, we could see a much longer wait than that for Venezuelan applicants.
Here’s something else: in FY2013, 124 diplomatic visas (A-1, A-2) were issued to Venezuelan officials assigned to the United States. That’s a lot more than “we have no more than 17” that the Venezuelan president announced at his blusterous rally.
In any case, the last Senate-confirmed Ambassador to Caracas was Patrick Duddy who served from August 6, 2007 to September 11, 2008, during the Bush Administration. He was later expelled by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. Eight months after that he was returned as Ambassador to Caracas by the Obama Administration. He left the mission on July 2010. That same month, Larry Palmer was nominated by President Obama. By December 2010, the Venezuelan Government had withdrawn its agrément on the appointment of Larry Palmer to Caracas.
On October 1, 2013, the Venezuelan Government declared the U.S. charge d’affaires persona non grata and ordered her expulsion. The United States Government reciprocated by declaring the Venezuelan charge d’affaires persona non grata. The U.S. Embassy in Caracas is currently headed by career diplomat Lee McClenny who assumed post as Chargé d’Affaires in July 2014. The Venezuelan Embassy in Washington, D.C. is currently headed by the former Venezuelan ambassador to Brazil, Maximilien Sanchez Arvelaiz.
Despite the difficult bilateral relations, we anticipate that Venezuela and the United States will continue to maintain diplomatic relations and embassies in one another’s capitals. Why? Below via the Congressional Research Service:
Venezuela remains a major oil supplier to the United States, even though the amounts and share of U.S. oil imports from the country have been declining because of Venezuela’s decreasing production and the overall decline in U.S. oil imports worldwide. In 2013, Venezuela provided the United States with about 806,000 barrels of total crude oil and products per day, about 8.2 % of total such U.S. imports, making Venezuela the fourth-largest foreign supplier of crude oil and products to the United States in 2012 (after Canada, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico). This is down from 2005, when the United States imported 1.53 million bbl/d of total crude oil and products from Venezuela, accounting for 11% of total U.S. imports.129 According to U.S. trade statistics, Venezuela’s oil exports to the United States were valued at almost $31 billion in 2013, accounting for 97% of Venezuela’s exports to the United States.
The CRS report also notes that Venezuela is scheduled to have legislative elections in September 2015, and that a recall referendum for President Maduro is not possible until 2016. The country’s next presidential election is not due until December 2018.
So what’s in the fopo fortune cookie? “The next 3-4 years will continue to be loud and noisy. The Yanquis will be trotted out at fault at every opportunity.”
The Nation listsStaffing the Executive Branch as one of the possible problematic area after the GOP take-over of the U.S. Senate:
For much of the Obama presidency, Republicans in the Senate stymied up literally hundreds of presidential appointments to cabinet slots big and small, as well as nominations to the federal bench. Harry Reid implemented filibuster reform one year ago, and nominations have been handled more quickly—but with Republicans in charge, expect them to grind to a halt. Republicans blocked nominees reflexively under the old filibuster rules, many times without offering a single actual objection, and that’s very likely to resume now.
The recent Yahoo article about the State Department being top heavy with political picks, also include the following nugget:
A top GOP aide, asked what would happen to the stalled “ambassadonor” nominations, signaled that those would-be diplomats shouldn’t pack their bags.
When it comes to confirmations of Obama nominees in a Republican Senate, the aide said dryly, “partisan picks and Obama bundlers won’t be at the top of the list.”
So — in real terms, that means no one can pack their bags or schedule any packout. Maybe, we’ll see some confirmation of career diplomats to ambassadorial positions this year. Or maybe not. What might be more problematic, of course, would be the confirmation of presidential bundlers nominated as ambassadors to some of our overseas posts. If the clock runs out and none of these nominees get confirmation this year, President Obama will have to resubmit these nominations to the next Congress in January 2015. A GOP-controlled Senate may or may not act on these nominations.
The following are the ambassadorial nominees currently pending on the Senate’s Executive Calendar. They have all been cleared by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee but could not get voted on in the full Senate:
Ambassadorial Nominees: Career Diplomats
Karen Clark Stanton, of Michigan, to be Ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Donald Lu, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Albania
Amy Jane Hyatt, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Palau
Arnold A. Chacon, of Virginia, to be Director General of the Foreign Service
Luis G. Moreno, of Texas, to be Ambassador to Jamaica
Maureen Elizabeth Cormack, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Theodore G. Osius III, of Maryland, to be Ambassador to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Leslie Ann Bassett, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Paraguay
George Albert Krol, of New Jersey, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Kazakhstan
Marcia Stephens Bloom Bernicat, of New Jersey, to be Ambassador to the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
James D. Pettit, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Moldova
Allan P. Mustard, of Washington, to be Ambassador to Turkmenistan
Erica J. Barks Ruggles, of Minnesota, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Rwanda
Earl Robert Miller, of Michigan, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Botswana
Judith Beth Cefkin, of Colorado, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Fiji, and to serve concurrently and without additional compensation as Ambassador to the Republic of Kiribati, the Republic of Nauru, the Kingdom of Tonga, and Tuvalu
James Peter Zumwalt, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Senegal and to serve concurrently and without additional compensation as Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Craig B. Allen, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to Brunei Darussalam
Barbara A. Leaf, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates
Virginia E. Palmer, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Malawi
William V. Roebuck, of North Carolina, to be Ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain
Pamela Leora Spratlen, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Uzbekistan
Donald L. Heflin, of Virginia, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Cabo Verde
Robert T. Yamate, of California, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Madagascar, and to serve concurrently and without additional compensation as Ambassador to the Union of the Comoros
Gentry O. Smith, of North Carolina, to be Director of the Office of Foreign Missions, and to have the rank of Ambassador during his tenure of service
Linda Thomas-Greenfield, an Assistant Secretary of State (African Affairs), to be a Member of the Board of Directors of the African Development Foundation for the remainder of the term expiring September 27, 2015
Michele Jeanne Sison, of Maryland, to be the Deputy Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador, and the Deputy Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations
Brent Robert Hartley, of Oregon, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Slovenia
Ambassadorial Nominees: Non-Career Political Appointees
George James Tsunis, of New York, to be Ambassador to the Kingdom of Norway
Colleen Bradley Bell, of California, to be Ambassador to Hungary
Robert C. Barber, of Massachusetts, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Iceland
Mark Gilbert, of Florida, to be Ambassador to New Zealand, and to serve concurrently and without additional compensation as Ambassador to the Independent State of Samoa
John L. Estrada, of Florida, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Brent Robert Hartley, of Oregon, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Slovenia
Cassandra Q. Butts, of the District of Columbia, to be Ambassador to the Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Noah Bryson Mamet, of California, to be Ambassador to the Argentine Republic
Stafford Fitzgerald Haney, of New Jersey, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Costa Rica
Charles C. Adams, Jr., of Maryland, to be Ambassador to the Republic of Finland
Frank A. Rose, of Massachusetts, to be an Assistant Secretary of State (Verification and Compliance)
Catherine Ann Novelli, of Virginia, to be United States Alternate Governor of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (currently Under Secretary for State/E)
David Nathan Saperstein, of the District of Columbia, to be Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom
Paige Eve Alexander, of Virginia, to be an Assistant Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Jonathan Nicholas Stivers, of the District of Columbia, to be an Assistant Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
The retirement of Deputy Secretary Bill Burns and the attendant task of finding his replacement as the State Department’s No.2 official highlighted the career versus political appointments in the upper ranks of the oldest executive agency in our country. Below via Yahoo News:
The report notes that “just one of the top nine jobs in American diplomacy is held by a career diplomat: Undersecretary for Management Patrick Kennedy.” It further notes that this number rises to 2 out of 10 if State Department Counselor Tom Shannon is included.
The report also quotes AFSA saying, “We’re not rabble-rousers. We’re not going to be burning down the building. [snip] But we are concerned about the growing politicization throughout the State Department.”
For comparison, see this chart to see how the breakdown between career versus non-career appointees have progressively trended towards non-career appointees in the past decades.
infographic via afsa.org
Last Friday, the State Department officially rejected criticisms that too many top diplomatic jobs have gone to political appointees rather than to career foreign service officers. As a sign of the times, the official who rebutted the criticism is the spokesperson of the State Department, a former political operative and herself, a political appointee:
“There’s never been a secretary of state more personally connected to the Foreign Service than Secretary (John) Kerry. It’s in his blood. It’s stamped in his DNA. He’s the son of a foreign service officer,” spokeswoman Jen Psaki told Yahoo News by email.
“It’s no accident that he has worked with President (Barack) Obama to build a senior team with more foreign service officers in leading assistant secretary positions than at any time in recent memory, and no accident that he chose a foreign service officer to serve as the State Department’s Counselor for the first time in thirty years,” she added.
For understandable reason, AFSA wants to see another FSO appointed as a Deputy Secretary. Congress created the position of Deputy Secretary of State in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act of 1972, approved Jul 13, 1972 (Public Law 92-352; 86 Stat 490), to replace the Under Secretary of State as the second ranking officer in the Department. The Deputy Secretary serves as the principal deputy, adviser, and alter ego to the Secretary of State; serves as Acting Secretary of State in the Secretary’s absence; and assists the Secretary in the formulation and conduct of U.S. foreign policy and in giving general supervision and direction to all elements of the Department. Specific duties and supervisory responsibilities have varied over time.
The candidates currently rumored to replace Bill Burns are not career diplomats. That is not at all surprising. According to history.state.gov, of the 17 deputy secretary appointments since the position was created in 1972 only four had been career Foreign Service officers:
In this blog’s last two months online, this might actually be an interesting project to look into — and see just how imbalanced are these appointments. As we have blogged here previously, we readily recognize that the President and the Secretary of State should have some leeway to pick the people they need to support them in doing their jobs. That said, we think that this practice can be done to such an extreme that it can negatively impact the morale and functioning of the organization and the professional service, in this case the State Department and the institution of the Foreign Service. Not only that, following an election year, it basically decapitates the upper ranks of an agency pending the arrival of new political appointees. In the case of the State Department, 4/5 of the top appointees are political. It will almost be a wholesale turnover in 2017 whether a Democrat or a Republican wins the White House.
So let’s take a look, for a start, at the top organizational component of the State Department.
3. Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources (DMR): Heather Higginbottom, Political Appointee She was the Policy Director for the Kerry-Edwards Presidential Campaign in 2004, Policy Director for then Senator Obama’s Presidential Campaign in 2007, and came to the State Department after stints in the White House and OMB. We expect that she’ll tender her resignation on/or about January 2017 unless she leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State from her party.
4. Counselor of the Department (C): Thomas A. Shannon, Jr., Career Foreign Service Officer
Former U.S. Ambassador to Brazil and former Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs. He is only the seventh Foreign Service Officer to hold the position of Counselor since World War II, and the first in 32 years. Not quite mandatory retirement age in 2017, we expect he would rotate out of this position for another upper level assignment, unless, he takes early retirement and goes on to a leadership position at some think tank.
5. Under Secreatry for Arms Control and International Security (T): Rose E. Gottemoeller, Political Appointee
She was the chief U.S. negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation, which entered into force on February 5, 2011. Prior to the Department of State, she was senior associate with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. In 1998-2000, she was the Deputy Undersecretary of Energy for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation and before that, Assistant Secretary and Director for Nonproliferation and National Security. We expect that she’ll tender her resignation on/or about January 2017 unless she leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State.
6. Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights (J):Sarah Sewall, Political Apppointee
Prior to this position, she served as a Senior Lecturer in Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. In 2012, Dr. Sewall was Minerva Chair at the Naval War College and from 2006 to 2009 she served as the Director of Harvard’s Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. She was also Deputy Assistant Secretary for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance at the Department of Defense from 1993 to 1996. From 1987 to 1996, she served as the Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to U.S. Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell. We expect that she’ll tender her resignation on/or about January 2017 unless she leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State.
7. Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and Environment (E): Catherine Novelli, Political Appointee Prior to the State Department, she was Vice President for Worldwide Government Affairs at Apple, Inc.; Prior to her tenure at Apple, Ms. Novelli was a partner in the Washington office of Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw LLP where she assisted Fortune 100 clients on issues involving international trade and investment. She was also a former Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for Europe & the Mediterranean. We expect that she’ll tender her resignation on/or about January 2017 unless she leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State.
8. Management (M): Patrick F. Kennedy, Career Foreign Service Officer
He has been the Under Secretary of State for Management since 2007. From February 2005 to April 2005, he headed the Transition Team that set up the newly created Office of the Director of National Intelligence. In 2001, he was appointed U.S. Representative to the United Nations for Management and Reform with the Rank of Ambassador. During this period he also served from May 2003 to the end of November 2003 as Chief of Staff of the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, and from May 2004 to late August 2004 as the Chief of Staff of the Transition Unit in Iraq. He joined the Foreign Service in 1973, so he’s been in federal service for at least 40 years.
His Wikipedia page indicates that he is 65 years old, the mandatory retirement age for the Foreign Service. Except that the regs also make exceptions for presidential appointees under 3 FAM 6216.2-2. (With regard to a member of the Service who would be retired under 3 FAM 6213 who is occupying a position to which the member was appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, the effective date of retirement will not take effect until the end of the month in which such appointment is terminated and may be further postponed in accordance with 3 FAM 6216.2-1 if the Director General determines it to be in the public interest). If he serves out the rest of the Obama term as “M,” he’ll be the under secretary for management for almost a decade (2007-2016), probably the longest serving incumbent in this position.
9. Political Affairs (P):Wendy Sherman, Political Appointee
She is the Department’s current fourth-ranking official. Prior to this position, Under Secretary Sherman served as Vice Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm. Yes, that Albright. Ambassador Sherman served as Counselor for the State Department from 1997 to 2001, as well as Special Advisor to President Clinton and Policy Coordinator on North Korea. From 1993 to 1996, under Secretary of State Warren Christopher, she was Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs. On November 3, 2014, she became dual-hatted as the Acting Deputy Secretary of State. The Cable says that she has been informed that she is not the permanent pick for the job. We expect that she’ll tender her resignation on/or about January 2017 unless she leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State after the 2016 elections.
10. Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs (R): Richard Stengel, Political Appointee Mr. Stengel was sworn in as Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs on February 14, 2014. As of October 31, 2014, the official directory for the State Department still lists that position as vacant, by the way. Prior to assuming this position, Mr. Stengel was the Managing Editor of TIME from 2006 to 2013. From 2004 to 2006, he was the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. We expect that he’ll tender his resignation on/or about January 2017 unless he leaves earlier or is asked to stay on by the next Secretary of State. The average tenure, by the way, for the incumbent of this position is 512 days.
So, as of this writing, a total of ten positions occupy the top ranks of the State Department: one vacant position, two positions encumbered by career diplomats, and seven encumbered by political appointees.
Is that the right balance?
The State Department spox is indeed right; Tom Shannon is the first career FSO in 32 years to serve as counselor of the State Department, and Secretary Kerry deserves credit for that pick. We must also note that Secretary Clinton picked one FSO (Burns) and that Secretaries Clinton and Kerry both inherited a third FSO from Secretary Rice’s tenure (Kennedy).(We’ll look at the assistant secretaries in a separate post).
What message are you sending to a 24,000 career workforce if you cannot find a single one among them to appoint as deputy of their own agency? The political appointees have impressive resumes. That said, why should any of the career employees aspire for an under secretary position when despite their work experience and years of sacrifices (and their families’) in all the hellholes in the world, all but one (sometimes all), inevitably go to well-connected political appointees?
Any career advice about picking political horses or how to get on the state-of-the-art bullet elevator to the Seventh Floor?
Maybe somebody will be brave enough to ask these questions during Secretary Kerry’s next town hall meeting? Yes, even if folks get instructions to ask policy-related questions only. In the next few weeks we will also peek into some of these upper offices within State and go on a journey of institutional discovery. We understand that it’s pretty interesting out there.
KABUL, Afghanistan — Secretary of State John Kerry spent a second day here in the Afghan capital on Saturday shuttling between the top two presidential contenders and the presidential palace in an effort to forge an agreement on how to audit recent elections and preventAfghanistan’s first democratic transfer of power from collapsing.
The two candidates, former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah and former Finance Minister Ashraf Ghani, spent the day inside the United States Embassy building holding separate meetings with Mr. Kerry, according to campaign officials. Mr. Kerry then traveled to the palace to talk to President Hamid Karzai. Talks were continuing into early evening without food or drink because of Ramadan, for which Muslims fast during the day. Mr. Kerry complained, jokingly, to Mr. Karzai that his embassy had “starved” him, according to pool reports.
Here are some photos from his latest Kabul trip to broker an election dispute agreement between Abdullah and Ghani.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry appears before reporters with Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah on July 11, 2014, after he arrived at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan for a meeting about steps to resolve the country’s disputed presidential election between him and fellow candidate Ashraf Ghani. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stands with Afghan presidential candidate Ashraf Ghani as he addresses reporters on July 11, 2014, after Ghani arrived at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan for a meeting about steps to resolve the country’s disputed presidential election between him and fellow candidate Abdullah Abdullah. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
Afghan presidential candidate Ashraf Ghani, left, prepares to embrace rival Abdullah Abdullah, right, at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan on July 12, 2014, after U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry helped broker an agreement on a technical and political plan to resolve the disputed outcome of the election between them. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
Harder than it looks
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry sits with Afghan presidential candidates Abdullah Abdullah, left, and Ashraf Ghani, right, at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan on July 12, 2014, after he helped broker an agreement on a technical and political plan to resolve the disputed outcome of the election between them. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
On February 14, WaPo did the top 10 reasons to keep political ambassadors. It wasn’t terribly funny. The 10th item on the list, “The system is unlikely to change anytime soon” drove our friends insane. They haven’t recovered yet from that shock and awe. Meanwhile, the uproar over the nominees who bungled their confirmation hearings continue to make waves. Despite all that, former Senator Max “I’m no real expert” Baucuswas confirmed as our next ambassador to China. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee had also cleared the way for the full Senate vote for the other nominees who did their made for Comedy Central moments at the SFRC.
For those who are shocked that an Obama nominee has never been to Argentina, might they also be awed that a George W. Bush ambassador had only visited Canada once–more than 30 years ago on a trip to Niagara Falls, prior to his appointment and subsequent confirmation? Another George W. Bush ambassador was out of the country 37 percent of the time. (WaPo reported that the nominee’s mortgage company was investigated by 30 state regulators so that may have something to do with the absences.) Not to be outdone, an Obama ambassador to the Bahamas was also absent from post for 276 days during a 670-day period.
These are not the cringe-worthy parts. But the thing is, this controversy over the nominations of political donors to cushy ambassadorships is a story that regularly repeats itself every few years. They are typically followed by quite a rumpus ruckus, only to settle down after a short while, and to reappear after a few years. We do think that political ambassadors, particularly the sub-group of wealthy donors and bundlers who gets appointed as chiefs of missions to our embassies will not go away anytime soon. We’re going to chop down the top reasons why … well, this piece kept getting longer so we’re posting this in parts.
Donor ambassadors are here to stay because —
#1. Elections Cost Money, Money, Honey
If we were a band, we’d write the song, Money, Money, Money — ohw, but ABBA did it already!
In 2004, President George W. Bush won his second term over John Kerry with 286 of the electoral votes. That presidential election cost $1,910,230,862. In 2008, President Obama won against John McCain with 365 electoral votes. That presidential race cost $2,799,728,146. In 2012, President Obama won reelection over Mitt Romney with 332 electoral votes. That race cost slightly cheaper than the previous election at only $2,621,415,792 but there is no reason to believe that we’re on a downward spiral when it comes to big money in politics.
Here is Sheila Krumholz, executive director of the Center for Responsive Politics last year: “You do not wage a financially viable campaign without hundreds of millions of dollars,” she said. “There is far greater reliance on the bundling operation, and I don’t see any evidence or reason to be hopeful that the donor rewards that are attendant to this system will diminish anytime soon. They go hand in hand.”
We imagine that the cost of the 2016 presidential election will be for the records book. All that money will not come from a money tree.
In 2009, AFSA had 13,905 dues-paying members and 23.91% of the membership voted. In the 2011 election, the AFSA website indicates dues-paying members of over 15,000. Only about 17% of the members voted in that 2011 DOL-OLMS-supervised election. As of 2012, AFSA has about 16,000 dues-paying members and about 22% of the members cast their ballots this year.
Retired Ambassador R.W. “Bill” Farrand, the Chairman of the AFSA Committee on Elections announced the results of the 2013-2015 AFSA Governing Board election. A total of 3,505 ballots were received of which 3,502 were valid (3 were voided due to irregularities). The following AFSA members have been elected:
Officer Positions on the Board
President: Robert Silverman, 2,841 votes
Treasurer: Charles A. Ford, 2,918 votes
Secretary: Robert F. Ritchie, 2,868 votes
Retiree Vice President: Lawrence Cohen, 849 votes
State Vice President: Matthew Asada, 1,016 votes
Gregory Hicks, 919
Donald Moore, 112
USAID Vice President: Sharon Wayne, 187 votes
FCS Vice President: Steve Morrison, 69 votes.
FAS Vice President: David Mergen, 37 votes.
Constituency Representatives of the Board
Retiree Representatives (4 vacancies):
Marshall Adair, 630 votes
Tex Harris, 595 votes
Edward Marks, 452 votes
David Greenlee, 406 votes
Barry Friedman, 378 votes
Chris O’Donnell, 337 votes
Stephen Keat, 321 votes
Leon Weintraub, 311 votes
State Representatives (11 vacancies):
Lillian Wahl-Tuco, 1,145 votes
Sue Saarnio, 1,124 votes
Nancy Rios-Brooks, 1,105 votes
Clayton Bond, 1,098 votes
Elise Mellinger, 1,065 votes
Ken Kero-Mentz, 1,001 votes
Michael D. Thomas, 977 votes
Everett “Alex” Copher, 962 votes
Todd Crawford, 946 votes
Chuck Fee, 940 votes
David Zwach, 899 votes
Tim Corso, 858 votes
David Jea, 838 votes
Andrew Burton, 824 votes
Ken Reiman, 749 votes
USAID Representatives (2 vacancies):
Jason Singer, 164 votes
Second Rep – To Be Determined
There are two USAID Representative positions. The second Representative position will be determined by write-in votes. It will require some time to contact those receiving write-in votes to determine their eligibility and interest. The winner of the second USAID representative position will be announced as soon as possible.
Barbara Lapini, 66 votes
Rachel Nelson, 11 write-in votes
Andre de Nesnera, 4 votes
No eligible write-ins; the new Governing Board will appoint an eligible APHIS Representative.
AFSA ballots and candidate statements were mailed on April 15, 2013. On June 6, the ballots were counted. Since most of the elected positions were unopposed, the only results not previously known were those of the State VP, State Rep and Retiree Rep. We have the unofficial results for the State VP and Retiree Representive races (confirmed by two sources), but do not know as yet the results of the State Representative race. We will update this post when the official results are released by AFSA.
Probably the big news in this race is that Gregory Hicks, the former DCM of US Embassy Tripoli who was called a Benghazi “whistleblower” by the Oversight Committee failed in his quest to represent the Foreign Service. The winner of the State VP race is Matthew K. Asada, a “fourth generation Japanese-American and third generation public servant from Detroit. “ He joined the Foreign Service in 2003 and is currently an entry-level Career Development Officer. He was first elected AFSA State Representative in 2011.
President: Robert Silverman * (unopposed)
Secretary: Robert F. Ritchie * (unopposed)
Treasurer: Charles A. Ford * (unopposed)
State VP: 3 Candidates/1 Elected Position Matthew K. Asada(elected)
Gregory N. Hicks *
Donald L. Moore
USAID VP: Sharon Wayne (unopposed)
FCS VP: Steve Morrison (unopposed)
FAS VP: David Mergen (unopposed)
Retiree VP: Lawrence Cohen * (unopposed)
USAID Rep (2): Jason Singer (unopposed)
FCS Rep (1): Barbara Lapini (unopposed)
FAS Rep (1): No candidate
IBB Rep (1): Andre de Nesnera (unopposed)
State Reps (11): 15 Candidates/11 Elected Positions (don’t have results for this) Clayton Bond * Andrew Burton Everett “Alex” Copher * Tim Corso Todd Crawford * Chuck Fee * David Jea Kenneth Kero-Mentz * Elise Mellinger Ken Reiman Nancy Rios-Brooks * Sue Saarnio Michael D. Thomas * Lillian Wahl-Tuco * David Zwach *
Retiree Reps: 8 Candidates/4 Elected Positions Marshall Adair (elected) David Greenlee (elected) Tex Harris (elected) Ed Marks (elected)
Barry Friedman *
Stephen Keat *