Posted: 2:01 am EDT
Photo via state.gov/Flickr
Posted: 2:01 am EDT
Photo via state.gov/Flickr
Posted: 1:32 am EDT
— Suzanne Schroeder (@SuzanneSues57) May 13, 2015
Looking at an American intervention that’s going to end, not with a bang, but on a deadline, it can be tough to find the silver lining.
This week Forbes contributor Loren Thompson tried to do that in a piece called “Five Signs Afghanistan Is Becoming An American Success Story,” making the case that staying the course in Afghanistan is “paying off.” His premise that Americans can hold their head high on Afghanistan is based on five points: the solid performance of Afghan forces, the country’s improved political climate, Islamabad’s renewed interest in cooperating with Kabul, a booming Afghan economy, and popular support for Afghanistan’s national institutions. It’s a concise, readable assessment, with one problem: The country Thompson describes doesn’t exist.
Gary Owen is a veteran, development worker, and blogger at “Sunny in Kabul.” He is also a regular contributor to the Afghan Analysts Network and Vice News. Gary Owen is a pseudonym. Follow Gary Owen on Twitter @elsnarkistani.
Posted: 2:10 pm EDT
On May 5, Secretary Kerry made a brief stop in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. He is the first Secretary of State ever to visit Somalia. He met with Somalian leaders at the Mogadishu airport but did not go into town. State Department official told the press that this is due to “a huge, huge logistical and security challenge.”
“The last thing we need is something to happen when the Secretary is on the ground. And I don’t think we have the confidence of taking him out of – off the grounds of the airport…
[W]e’re making plans to make our presence more enduring in Somalia. As you know, we announced a new Foreign Service career ambassador for Somalia, and once that ambassador is on the ground, our office will continue to be here in Kenya. But once the ambassador is on the ground, we’re going to have a much more enduring TDY footing in Somalia. We’re going to be there much more regularly with a bit of a – a bit more larger footprint.
— Voice of America (@VOANews) May 5, 2015
John Kerry in brief visit to Mogadishu http://t.co/RI6jTRoI8F
— News and Highlights (@newshigh4) May 5, 2015
Two decades after ‘Black Hawk Down,’ Kerry visits Somalia http://t.co/wJcLOKirRm
— Navy Times (@NavyTimes) May 5, 2015
— Department of State (@StateDept) May 5, 2015
— Department of State (@StateDept) May 5, 2015
Below is a quick recap of US-Somali relation via history.state.gov:
1960 | Somalia achieved its independence in 1960 with the union of Somalia, which had been under Italian administration as a United Nations trust territory, and Somaliland, which had been a British protectorate.
1960 | Diplomatic relations were established on July 1, 1960, when the U.S. Consulate General at Mogadiscio (now Mogadishu) was elevated to Embassy status, with Andrew G. Lynch as Chargé d’Affaires.
1969 | The Somali army launched a coup which brought Mohamed Siad Barre to power. Barre adopted socialism and became allied with the Soviet Union. The United States was thus wary of Somalia in the period immediately after the coup.
1977 | Barre’s government became increasingly radical in foreign affairs, and in 1977 launched a war against Ethiopia in hopes of claiming their territory. Ethiopia received help from the Soviet Union during the war, and so Somalia began to accept assistance from the United States, giving a new level of stability to the U.S.-Somalia relationship.
1980s | Barre’s dictatorship favored members of his own clan. In the 1980s, Somalis in less favored clans began to chafe under the government’s rule. Barre’s ruthlessness could not suppress the opposition, which in 1990 began to unify against him.
1991 | After joining forces, the combined group of rebels drove Barre from Mogadishu in January 1991. No central government reemerged to take the place of the overthrown government, and the United States closed its embassy that same year, although the two countries never broke off diplomatic relations. The country descended into chaos, and a humanitarian crisis of staggering proportions began to unfold.
1991| The U.S. Embassy closed on January 5, 1991, and all U.S. personnel were withdrawn after the collapse of the central Somali government.
1992 | In December 1992, the United States began Operation Restore Hope. President George H.W. Bush authorized the dispatch of U.S. troops to Somalia to assist with famine relief as part of the larger United Nations effort.
1993 | On October 3, 1993 Somali warlord Muhammad Farah Aideed’s forces shot down two Black Hawk helicopters in a battle which lead to the deaths of 18 U.S. soldiers and hundreds of Somalis. The deaths turned the tide of public opinion in the United States. President Bill Clinton pulled U.S. troops out of combat four days later, and all U.S. troops left the country in March 1994.
1995 | The United Nations withdrew from Somalia in March 1995.
2013| The United States did not sever diplomatic relations with Somalia. Through the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, the United States maintained regular dialogue with transitional governments and other key stakeholders in Somalia, and after January 17, 2013, with the newly recognized central government of Somalia.
2015 | In February 2015, President Obama announced his intent to nominate Katherine S. Dhanani as first Ambassador to Somalia since 1991. If confirmed, Ms. Dhanani will lead the U.S. Mission to Somalia but will be physically based at the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. See President Obama Nominates FSO Katherine S. Dhanani as First Ambassador to Somalia Since 1991.
Posted: 3:01 pm EDT
Updated: 4:08 pm EDT
— Matt Lee (@APDiploWriter) April 22, 2015
— Dion Nissenbaum (@DionNissenbaum) April 22, 2015
— Foreign Policy (@ForeignPolicy) April 22, 2015
— CNN NationalSecurity (@NatSecCNN) April 22, 2015
— Martin Matishak (@martinmatishak) April 22, 2015
— Josh Rogin (@joshrogin) April 22, 2015
Posted: 1:17 pm EDT
Another insider attack out of Afghanistan is in the news today. According to media reports one U.S. service member is dead. The number of those wounded is reportedly between 3 to 7 Americans. The US Embassy in Kabul released the following brief statement:
We are aware that there was an exchange of gunfire involving Resolute Support service members near the provincial governor’s compound in Jalalabad. The incident took place after a senior U.S. official held a meeting with the provincial governor. All Chief of Mission personnel of the visiting party are accounted for.
Afghan soldier opens fire on U.S. troops in Afghanistan, wounds 3 US troops before being shot dead, official says: http://t.co/1fopiPQf4M
— The Associated Press (@AP) April 8, 2015
NEW: Official says 7 Americans injured in Afghanistan attack that left 1 US service member dead
— ABC News (@ABC) April 8, 2015
One American killed and several others wounded in shooting in Jalalabad during a visit by US Ambassador in Afghanistan.
— Dion Nissenbaum (@DionNissenbaum) April 8, 2015
Below via LAT
“The incident took place after a senior U.S. official held a meeting with the provincial governor,” embassy spokesperson Monica Cummings said. “All chief of mission personnel of the visiting party are accounted for.” The U.S. ambassador in Afghanistan, P. Michael McKinley, was in Kabul and not part of the visit to Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province, embassy officials said.
The attack occurred after a meeting between U.S. Embassy officials and local Afghan leaders at the provincial governor’s home in Jalalabad, said Hazrat Hussain Mashraqiwal, police spokesman for Nangarhar province. An Afghan soldier suddenly opened fire on American and NATO troops providing security for the embassy team. The gunman and a member of the security team were shot dead during the exchange, Mashraqiwal said.
According to Afghan officials, Ambassador Michael McKinley was not present at the meeting. The U.S. Embassy did not provide further details on which senior U.S. official was meeting with the governor. But Afghan officials in Jalalabad said it was Donald Y. Yamamoto, who also holds ambassadorial rank.
Yamamoto, a former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia and principal deputy assistant secretary in the State Department’s Bureau of African Affairs, served as a senior U.S. civilian representative to Northern Afghanistan, based in the U.S. Consulate in Mazar-e Sharif, where he was sent during last year’s elections. He now is the senior civilian representative in Afghanistan for Regional Command North, the State Department said.
According to USCG Mazar’s FB page, the Senior Civilian Representative to northern Afghanistan as of March this year is David Birdsey. Donald Y. Yamamoto currently serves as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs. He was previously ambassador to Ethiopia and Djibouti.
Posted: 6:06 pm PDT
Updated: April 6, 2015, 9:17 am PDT
Sputnik News says that military parades will be held in 26 Russian cities to mark the 70th anniversary of the Victory over the Nazis in World War II. “Czech Republic Milos Zeman will visit Moscow in May to take part in the celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, according to the presidential spokesperson.
The Prague Post reported that at the end of March, U.S. Ambassador to the Czech Republic Andrew Schapiro told the public broadcaster Czech Television (ČT) that while in Moscow, Czech President Miloš Zeman could be the only leading representative of an EU country, which might be somewhat precarious. Apparently, among EU countries, only the top representatives of Cyprus and Greece will go to Moscow for this celebration. “A number of Western politicians have decided to boycott the Moscow celebrations due to Russia’s annexation of Crimea and support for separatists in eastern Ukraine.” Ambassador Schapiro reportedly also said that it was not his task to tell the Czech president what to do or not to do.
That was the end of March. On April 5, the Czech President reportedly cited what the American ambassador said on Czech Television (ČT) and declared that “the doors of the castle were closed” to Ambassador Schapiro.
“I cannot imagine that the Czech ambassador in Washington would advise the US president where he should travel. And I will not allow any ambassador to have a say in my foreign travel plans.”
Czech President Milos Zeman says US ambassador is not welcome at his Prague Castle residence http://t.co/5lYE1WL6ec
— BBC News US (@BBCNewsUS) April 5, 2015
That was March, this is now April. Did something else happen? Why yes. According to the Economist, “neither rain nor sleet nor snow, to quote the American postal service’s motto, have kept Czechs from lining the routes followed by three American military convoys through their country over the past few days.”
Operation Dragoon Ride saw units from the United States Army’s Second Cavalry Regiment travel through the Czech Republic from March 29th to April 1st, the final stretch of an 1,800km jaunt through six eastern NATO countries.
Sign of times? Operation Dragoon Ride, underway now, is longest movement the US Army in Europe since 1944. http://t.co/vjwHBHQatV
— Michael McFaul (@McFaul) March 30, 2015
In any case, Ambassador Schapiro did not even know that he’s been banned from the Prague
Palace Castle. The Czechs have been sounding off on Twitter, with some apologizing for their president and others saying their houses are open for the ambassador.
I’m in the U.S. for the holiday weekend. I wake up, turn on computer, and see that a lot happened while I was asleep! #GladITurnedMyPhoneOff
— Andrew Schapiro (@AndySchapiro) April 5, 2015
Click here for photos of hundreds of Czechs who welcomed 15 commanders of the U.S. army convoy and Ambassador Schapiro, as they laid flowers and wreaths to the Thank You America Memorial in Plzen a week ago.
— Andrew Schapiro (@AndySchapiro) April 6, 2015
* * *
-10/31/14 Border Security: Immigration Inspections at Port of Entry [502 Kb]
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-10/23/14 Iran Sanctions [709 Kb]
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-10/17/14 U.S. Citizens Kidnapped by the Islamic State [60 Kb]
-10/10/14 Al Qaeda-Affiliated Groups: Middle East and Africa [1119 Kb]
-10/10/14 Increased Department of Defense Role in U.S. Ebola Response – CRS Insights [48 Kb]
-10/07/14 As Midterm Election Approaches, State Election Laws Challenged – Legal Sidebar [53 Kb]
* * *
— Domani Spero
In December 2009, then U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry signed the lease for the 5-Star Hotel property in Herat, Afghanistan, identified as the site of the future U.S. Consulate in Herat, the post that would cover the four provinces of western Afghanistan bordering Iran and Turkmenistan: Herat, Badghis, Ghor, and Farah.
Two and a half years after that lease signing, the U.S. Consulate in Herat officially opened. Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns attended the opening ceremony on June 13, 2012. He made the following remarks:
And so we are here to celebrate the opening of the consulate — this remarkable refurbished facility, leased from the Municipality of Herat. This was truly a community effort – we purchased local products to use in the refurbishment, some of which you can see on display in the waiting room next door. World-class quality, Chesht-e-Sharif marble now graces some of the floors. Every week, on average, more than 70 Afghans contributed their time and skills to the consulate’s construction. One expert carpenter turned plain packing crates into beautifully carved room dividers. And artwork produced by students from Herat University is displayed on the walls of the consulate.
This consulate, built with so many Afghan hands and so much Afghan talent, is a small reminder of what the people of Herat can accomplish. And it gives us hope for the greater effort facing Afghans—which is not merely the building of a single structure, but the building of an entire nation that deserves a future better than its recent past. Let this building stand as a sign of our commitment: As you build this future, one day at a time, you can count on the steadfast support and friendship of the United States of America.
This past September, we’ve blogged about the 2014 OIG report on Mission Afghanistan noting the rebuilding of the Consulate Herat building following the September 2013 attack:
Rebuilding of the badly damaged consulate building is expected to be completed in summer 2014. Consulate employees were relocated to either ISAF’s Camp Arena or to Embassy Kabul.[snip] The embassy estimates the annual operating cost for Herat is approximately $80 million, most of which is devoted to security.
We have yet to confirm if the rebuilding was completed this past summer (see * below).
However, on October 20, 2014, the U.S. Embassy in Kabul released a statement of its official notification to the Government of Afghanistan that it is consolidating the State Department operations in Herat at ISAF’s Camp Arena effective October 23:
On October 18, the U.S. Embassy in Kabul informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan that the United States intends to move its diplomatic and consular presence from its current location on Qol-e-Urdu Road to Camp Arena of the International Security Assistance Force effective on October 23, 2014. Following the September 13, 2013 attack on the U.S. Consulate building in Herat, the staff has been working from Camp Arena, and due to operational considerations, we have decided to continue to operate from Camp Arena. The U.S. Consulate Herat staff remains committed to engaging with the Afghan people.
Camp Arena, the main Italian base near the city of Herat is home to 2,000 Italian soldiers and 400 Spanish troops (2012 numbers).
So. That’s where we are right now. * Word on the corridors is that this $10 million refurbished/repaired/hardened building will be a returned to the municipality and will be treated as a write-off. We anticipate that Consulate Herat will be operating out of an ISAF base for the foreseeable future but we don’t know at this time how many of these bases will remain in Afghanistan when troops are reduced to 9,800 after this year and cut in half at the end of 2015. The reduction of forces in Afghanistan only calls for “a small military presence at the U.S. Embassy” at the end of 2016.
With that in mind, the big question is — where would this plan leave the U.S. Consulate in Herat, currently located in Camp Arena and U.S. Consulate Mazar e-Sharif, currently located in Camp Marmal?
* * *
— Domani Spero
Note that most of the docs below via state.gov are in pdf format:
-09/25/14 The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy [440 Kb]
-09/24/14 Japan – U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress [716 Kb]
-09/24/14 The “Khorasan Group” in Syria – CRS Insights [55 Kb]
-09/24/14 Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief [307 Kb]
-09/22/14 Climate Summit 2014: Warm-Up for 2015 – CRS Insights [60 Kb]
-09/19/14 American Foreign Fighters and the Islamic State: Broad Challenges for Federal Law Enforcement – CRS Insights [57 Kb]
-09/18/14 Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues [242 Kb]
-09/18/14 Russia’s Compliance with the INF Treaty – CRS Insights [55 Kb]
-09/17/14 Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance [670 Kb]
-09/17/14 Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response [880 Kb]
-09/16/14 Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief [288 Kb]
-09/16/14 The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implementation [589 Kb]
-09/15/14 Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2014 [484 Kb]
-09/15/14 Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights [499 Kb]
-09/15/14 Man Without a Country? Expatriation of U.S. Citizen “Foreign Fighters” [58 Kb]
-09/12/14 Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs [340 Kb]
-09/10/14 Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response [647 Kb]
-09/10/14 Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks [413 Kb]
-09/10/14 The “Islamic State” Crisis and U.S. Policy [562 Kb]
-09/10/14 U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2015 Appropriations [368 Kb]
-09/09/14 Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State – CRS Insights [56 Kb]
-09/09/14 U.S. Military Action Against the Islamic State: Answers to Frequently Asked Legal Questions [355 Kb]
-09/08/14 Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response [633 Kb]
-09/08/14 Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy [737 Kb]
-09/05/14 China’s Leaders Quash Hong Kong’s Hopes for Democratic Election Reforms – CRS Insights [57 Kb]
-09/05/14 Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal, Including the Law Enforcement 1033 Program [272 Kb]
-09/05/14 Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation [433 Kb]
-09/05/14 U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues [512 Kb]
-09/04/14 Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy [365 Kb]
-09/03/14 Pakistan Political Unrest: In Brief [250 Kb]
* * *
— Domani Spero
We’re late on this, but last week, SIGAR released two letters to Secretary Hagel and to Air Force Secretary Deborah L. James concerning the failed G222 aircraft program for the Afghan Air Force.
Starting in 2008, DOD apparently initiated a program to provide 20 of these Italian-made aircraft to the Afghan Air Force. The Defense Department spent $486 million for these airplanes, which according to the SIGAR, “could not meet operational requirements in Afghanistan.” Sixteen of these aircraft were recently destroyed at Kabul International Airport, scrapped by the Defense Logistics Agency, and the remains were sold to an Afghan construction company for about $32,000 total. SIGAR calculates that the scrap was sold at roughly 6 cents a pound. The remaining four airplanes are reportedly stored at Ramstein Air Base in Germany, presumably to help fight the Taliban at some later date?
Here are the $486 million airplanes you paid for:
Here are the scrapped beauties at 6 cents a pound:
Here are the links to the letters:
According to Defense Industry Daily:
The G.222/C-27A was not known as an easy aircraft to maintain, but it does feature outstanding short runway performance, and offers proven performance in hot weather and high altitudes. That seemed to make it well-suited for work in Afghanistan. Was it well suited to the Afghans?
That would depend on whether the Afghans could keep them in the air. The USAF tried to address the spares and maintenance issue through the program’s structure, paying for extensive training through the US military, an initial spare parts inventory, ground support equipment, technical publications in English and Dari, and 3 years worth of contractor logistics support.
But it didn’t work.
These are not the only aircraft DOD purchased for the Afghan Air Force. Defense Industry Daily has a rundown of the timeline and the contracts here.
* * *